Archaeologists Uncover Ancient Aztec Structure Depicting Myhtical Model of The Universe

An Aztec shrine depicting a model of the universe was discovered by Mexica arhaeologists.

An Aztec stone structure depicting the civilization’s version of the universe was discovered.

Mexican archaeologists have discovered an Aztec shrine that believed to depict a model of the universe. According to the National Institute of Anthropology and History, the stone structure was found at a site called Nahualac, which is located at the base of the Iztaccihuatl volcano. The shrine was reportedly in the center of a natural pond, at an elevation of approximately 13 thousand feet.

The Institute referred to the shrine as a “tetzacualco”, an Aztec term used for astronomical observatories located at high altitudes. Media sources claim that the stone structure consisted of ceramic fragments and other materials that were linked to  Tlaloc, the Aztec rain god.

Iris del Rocio Hernandez Bautista, an archaeologist at the INAH, suggested that the stone’s visual effects and characteristics “could represent a microcosm that evokes the primitive waters and the beginning of the mythical time-space”.

INAH researchers added that the Aztec shrine might have been a representation of a miniaturized version of the universe.

The main structure and stone mounds were found floating on water, as the springs were directed to the shrine in a “ritualized manner”. This would suggest that the structure referenced the Mesoamerican myth of creation, where the world was initially devoid of land and filled with water. It was then when the “Earth monster”, Cipactli, used his body to create the land and the sky. Cipactli’s form is heavily debated as several separate myths offer different descriptions of the monster. However, all these myths acknowledged that Cipactli was the Mesoamerican source of the cosmos.

The shrine suggests it was dedicated to Tlaloc, the Aztec god of rain, lightning, and thunder. He is considered to have been blue in appearance and had jaguar fangs. Aztecs regarded Tlaloc as a vengeful deity that could cause floods and droughts.

Bautista claims that the ceramic artifacts found in the Aztec stone structure date back from 750 through 1150 A.D. The relics were reportedly spread across an area of 300 by 100 meters.

Image Source: WikipediaCommons


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